Development of Integrated Farming Businesses Based on Zero Waste Agriculture in Parigi Moutong Regency

Authors

  • Burhanuddin Nasir Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako
  • Irwan Lakani Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako
  • Najamudin Najamudin Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan dan Perikanan, Universitas Tadulako
  • Sitti Sabariyah Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu
  • Sri Anjar Lasmini Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako
  • Moh. Syahrul Asdar Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako
  • I Putu Suci Astawa Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako
  • Ilham Akbar Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako
  • I Kadek Duis Tiana Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Tadulako

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33479/jacips.2021.1.2.28-39

Keywords:

Livestock feces, agricultural-livestock waste, cow urine, zero-waste agriculture

Abstract

Zero waste agriculture is an agricultural concept oriented around the decomposition cycle of organic materials which integrates agricultural and livestock systems to reprocess waste material. Agricultural waste is used as animal feed while livestock waste/excrement is reprocessed into organic fertilizers. The Regional Partnership Service Program (PKW) aims to assist farmers in developing integrated farming businesses based around zero waste agriculture. PKW was held between May and July 2021 in Tindaki Village, South Parigi District, Parigi Moutong Regency. The implementation of this regional partnership program was carried out through a Participatory Action Programs approach, where partners are directly involved in the adoption and application of the various skills that had been developed. The procedure for activity implementation was carried out through several stages, namely: (a) counseling on zero waste agriculture, (b) training in and application of zero waste agriculture technology in the form of demonstration plots for the application of technological products, (c) coaching and mentoring, and (d) the utilization stage of technology product. The findings from the implementation concluded that the agricultural development training based on zero waste agriculture was a success, and the technology had been adopted by the community, marked by the ability to make and develop compost and liquid organic bio-urine fertilizers. Both types of organic fertilizers had been applied in the demonstration plots to assess their effectiveness in reducing the use of inorganic fertilizers. Rice production is equivalent to 5.6 tons/ha and 6 tons/ha in conventional land. These results show potential benefits for farmers, particularly regarding lower production costs compared to the usage of conventional land. Zero waste agriculture is a method of farming and livestock raising that utilizes their waste products for energy production.

References

Adnyana. (2003). Pengkajian dan sintesis kebijakan pengembangan peningkatan produktivitas padi dan ternak (P3T). Laporan Teknis Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan. Litbang Pertanian Bogor. www.balitbang.go.id

Hayati, N., Najamudin, Sulaeman, & Lasmini, S. A. (2018). Program kemitraan wilayah dalam mengembangkan potensi sumber daya pertanian berbasis teknologi pertanian terpadu di Kabupaten Buol. Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 174. https://doi.org/10.29244/agrokreatif.4.2.174-180

Hilimire, K. (2011). Integrated crop/livestock agriculture in the United States: A Review. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35(4), 376–393. https://doi.org/10.1080/10440046.2011.562042

Jandaik, S., Thakur, P., & Kumar, V. (2015). Efficacy of cow urine as plant growth enhancer and antifungal agent. Advances in Agriculture, 2015, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/620368

South Parigi District in Numbers (Kecamatan Parigi Selatan Dalam Angka). (2020). Letak Kecamatan Parigi Selatan Berdasarkan posisi geografisnya. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Parigi Moutong.

Lasmini, S.A., Kusuma Z., Santoso, M., and Abadi, A.L. 2015. Application of organic and inorganic fertilizer improving the quantity and quality of shallot yield on dry land. Int. J. Sci. Tech. Res. 4 (4): 243-246

Lasmini, S. A., Idham, I., Monde, A., & Tarsono, T. (2019). Pelatihan pembuatan dan pengembangan pupuk organik cair biokultur dan biourin untuk mendukung sistem budidaya sayuran organik. PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 99–104. https://doi.org/10.33084/pengabdianmu.v4i2.891

Lasmini, S.A., Wahyudi, I., Rosmini, R., Nasir, B. & Edy, N. (2019). Combined application of mulches and organic fertilizers enhance shallot production in dryland. Agronomy Research 17(1), 165–175. https://doi.org/10.15159/AR.19.017

Lasmini, S. A., Wahyudi, I., & , R. (2018). Aplikasi mulsa dan biokultur urin sapi terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil bawang merah. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia, 9(2), 103–110. https://doi.org/10.29244/jhi.9.2.103-110

Matheus, R., Abineno, J.C., & Jehamat, A. (2019). Penerapan konsep zero waste dalam usaha penggemukan sapi: Upaya untuk meningkatkan nilai ekonomi limbah ternak. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Peternakan 4(2), 155-163.

Nasir, B., Najamudin, N., Lakani, I., Lasmini, S. A., & Sabariyah, S. (2020). Pembuatan pupuk organik cair dan biofungisida trichoderma untuk mendukung sistem pertanian organik. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat UNSIQ, 7(2), 115–120. https://doi.org/10.32699/ppkm.v7i2.756

Nurtika, N., Sofiari, E., & Sopha, G. A. (2008). Pengaruh biokultur dan pupuk anorganik terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil kentang varietas Granola. Jurnal Hortikultura, 18(3), 267–277.

Oliveira, N. L. C. de, Puiatti, M., Santos, R. H. S., Cecon, P. R., & Rodrigues, P. H. R. (2009). Soil and leaf fertilization of lettuce crop with cow urine. Horticultura Brasileira, 27(4), 431–437. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362009000400006

Pradhan, S. S., Verma, S., Kumari, S., & Singh, Y. (2018). Bio-efficacy of cow urine on crop production: A review. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 6(3), 298–301.

Santosa, M., Suryanto, A., & Maghfoer, Moch. D. (2015). Application of biourine on growth and yield of shallot fertilized with inorganic and organic fertilizer in Batu, East Java. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 37(3), 290–295. https://doi.org/10.17503/Agrivita-2015-37-3-p290-295

Sasaki, K., Okamoto, M., Shirai, T., Tsuge, Y., Fujino, A., Sasaki, D., Morita, M., Matsuda, F., Kikuchi, J., & Kondo, A. (2016). Toward the complete utilization of rice straw: Methane fermentation and lignin recovery by a combinational process involving mechanical milling, supporting material and nanofiltration. Bioresource Technology, 216, 830–837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.06.029

Sudaratmadja, I.G.A.K., Suyasa, N., & Dana-Arsana, I.G.K. (2004). Subak dalam Perspektif Sistem Perpaduan Padi-ternak di Bali. Prosiding Lokakarya Sistem dan Kelembagaan Usahatani Tanaman. Badan Litbang Pertanian. Jakarta.

Tipraqsa, P., Craswell, E. T., Noble, A. D., & Schmidt-Vogt, D. (2007). Resource integration for multiple benefits: Multifunctionality of integrated farming systems in Northeast Thailand. Agricultural Systems, 94(3), 694–703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2007.02.009

Yuwono, A. S., & Ichwan, N. (2013). Implementasi konsep “zero waste production management” bidang pertanian: Pengomposan jerami padi organik dan pemanfaatannya. Jurnal Bumi Lestari, 13(2), 8.

Zhou, C., Liu, Z., Huang, Z.-L., Dong, M., Yu, X.-L., & Ning, P. (2015). A new strategy for co-composting dairy manure with rice straw: Addition of different inocula at three stages of composting. Waste Management, 40, 38–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.03.016

Downloads

Published

2021-10-29

Issue